## Just 1 Chance in 100,000,000,000,000,000 (100quadrillion)

(That is 1 silver dollar in *all of Texas* filled 18" deep with silver dollars.)

**Here is the probability calculation of just 8 prophecies about the Messiah (the Christ)**

In his book, Science Speaks, Peter Stoner calculated the probability of just 8 messianic prophecies being fulfilled in the life of Jesus. As you read through these prophecies, you will see that all estimates were calculated as conservatively as possible.

__Jesus could not have caused the underlined ones to happen.__

**#1. The Messiah will be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2).**The average population of Bethlehem from the time of Micah to the present (1958) divided by the average population of the earth during the same period = 7,150 in 2,000,000,000 or 2.8x10^5 (2.8 times 10 to the third power, or 2.8 times 10exponent3), or 1 in 279,720

**#2. A messenger will prepare the way for the Messiah (Malachi 3:1 & Isa 40:3)**(That was John the Baptizer.)

One man in how many has ever had a forerunner?

Estimate: 1 in 1,000 or 1x10^3.

**#3. The Messiah will enter Jerusalem as a king riding on a donkey (Zechariah 9:9).**

One man in how many, who has entered Jerusalem as a ruler, has entered riding on a donkey?

Estimate: 1 in 100 or 1x10^2.

**#4. The Messiah will be betrayed by a friend and suffer wounds in His hands (Zechariah 13:6).**One man in how many has ever been betrayed by a friend, resulting in wounds in his hands?

Estimate: 1 in 1,000 or 1x10^3.

**#5. The Messiah will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver (Zechariah 11:12).**Of the people who have been betrayed, one in how many has been betrayed for exactly 30 pieces of silver?

Estimate: 1 in 1,000 or 1x10^3.

**#6. The betrayal money will be used to purchase a potter's field (Zechariah 11:13).**One man in how many, after receiving a bribe for the betrayal of a friend, has returned the money, had it refused, and then experienced it being used to buy a potter’s field?

Estimate: 1 in 100,000 or 1x10^5.

**#7. The Messiah will remain silent while He is afflicted (Isaiah 53:7).**

One man in how many, when he is oppressed and afflicted, though innocent, will make no defense of himself?

Estimate: 1 in 1,000 or 1x10^3.

**#8. The Messiah will die by having His hands and feet pierced (Psalm 22:16).**One man in how many, since the time of David, has been crucified?

Estimate: 1 in 10,000 or 1x10^4.

Multiplying all these probabilities together produces a number (rounded off) of 1x10^28 (10 to the 28th power). Dividing this number by an estimate of the number of people who have lived since the time of these prophecies (88 billion) produces a probability of all 8 prophecies being fulfilled accidentally in the life of one person. That probability is 1 in 10^17, or 1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000. That’s one in one hundred quadrillion!

Peter Stoner illustrated the meaning of this number. He asked the reader to imagine filling the State of Texas knee deep in silver dollars. Include in this huge number one silver dollar with a black check mark on it. Then, turn a blindfolded person loose in this huge area of silver dollars. The odds that the first coin he would pick up would be the one with the black check mark are the same as 8 prophecies being fulfilled accidentally in the life of Jesus.

The point, of course, is that when people say that the fulfillment of prophecy in the life of Jesus was accidental, they do not know what they are talking about. Keep in mind that Jesus did not just fulfill 8 prophecies, He fulfilled over 100. The chances of fulfilling 16 is 1 in 10^45. When you get to a total of 48, the odds increase to 1 in 10^157. Accidental fulfillment of these prophecies is simply beyond the realm of possibility.

When confronted with these statistics, skeptics will often fall back on the argument that Jesus purposefully fulfilled the prophecies. There is no doubt that Jesus was aware of the prophecies and His fulfillment of them. For example, when He got ready to enter Jerusalem the last time, He told His disciples to find Him a donkey to ride so that the prophecy of Zechariah could be fulfilled which said, “Behold, your King is coming to you, gentle, and mounted on a donkey” (Zechariah 9:9 and Matthew 21:1-5).

But many of the prophecies concerning the Messiah could not be purposefully fulfilled such as the town of His birth (Micah 5:2) or the nature of His betrayal (Psalm 41:9), or the manner of His death (Zechariah 13:6 and Psalm 22:16).

One of the most remarkable Messianic prophecies in the Hebrew Scriptures is the one that precisely states that the Messiah will die by crucifixion. It is found in Psalm 22 where David prophesied the Messiah would die by having His hands and feet pierced (Psalm 22:16). That prophecy was written nearly 1,000 years before Jesus was born. When it was written, the Jewish method of execution was by stoning. The prophecy was also written many years before the Romans perfected crucifixion as a method of execution. Even when Jesus was killed, the Jews still relied on stoning as their method of execution, but they had lost the power to implement the death penalty due to Roman occupation. That is why they were forced to take Jesus to Pilate, the Roman governor, and that’s how Jesus ended up being crucified, in fulfillment of David’s prophecy.

The bottom line is that the fulfillment of Bible prophecy in the life of Jesus proves conclusively that the Bible is supernatural in origin and that Jesus Christ truly was God in the flesh.

You want Him; He wants you--so repent (turn away from) your sins and ask Him in prayer to be your Savior and Lord, get baptized, and follow the New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31: the New Testament).

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